Todd Lubart is Professor of Psychology at the Université Paris Descartes, and Member of the Institut Universitaire de France. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University and was an invited professor at the Paris School of Management (ESCP). His research focuses on creativity, its identification and development in children and adults, the role of emotions, the creative process and intercultural issues. Todd Lubart is author or co-author of numerous books, research papers, and scientific reports on creativity, including the books Defying the crowd: Cultivating creativity in a culture of conformity (NY: Free Press, 1995), Psychologie de la créativité (The psychology of creativity, Paris: Colin, 2003), and Enfants Exceptionnel (Exceptional Children, Bréal, 2006). He is the co-founder of the International Centre for Innovation in Education (ICIE), and the associate editor of The International Journal for Talent Development and Creativity (IJTDC).